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Sunday, 31 May 2020



Mahatma Gandhi

     Mahatma Gandhi's personality, embodied by purposeful ideology, was superior in terms of idealism.  Mahatma Gandhi, who was conferred with the title of Purush of this age, is known as a social reformer, but according to Mahatma Gandhi, the contribution of education in society is necessary for social upliftment.  Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.  He was normal from birth but became great by his actions.  He was addressed by Rabindranath Tagore in a letter called "Mahatma" Gandhi.  From then on, the world started calling him Mahatma Gandhi in place of Mr. Gandhi.
                  Gandhiji and family

 Gandhi's mother Putlibai was highly religious.  His routine was divided at home and temple.  She regularly fasted and used to do her service day and night in Sushrusha when someone in the family fell ill.  Mohandas was brought up in the Ramay family in Vaishnavism and Jainism had a strong influence on him with tough policies.

 Whose main principle is to believe in non-violence and all things in the world as eternal.  Thus, they naturally adopted non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance among those who follow different creeds.

Mahatma Gandhi's early life

 Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1867, in a coastal city in western India (present-day Gujarat).  His father's name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother's name was Putlibai.  Mahatma Gandhi's father was a divan of a small princely state (Porbandar) in Kathiawar.  It had a profound impact on the life of Gandhiji due to the traditions of motherhood and Jainism of that region.  Such as fasting for the purification of the soul, etc.  At the age of 13, Gandhiji was married to Kasturba.
Preface- Our country is a country of great women and men who have done such ideal works for the country that Indians will always remember.  Many great men surrendered their bodies, minds and wealth to our freedom struggle.  Mahatma Gandhi was one of such great men.  Mahatma Gandhi was an era man towards whom the whole world had a feeling of respect.

 Childhood and Education - This great man was born on 2 October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat.  Your full name was Mohandas.  Your father Karmchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Rajkot.  Mata Putlibai was a very simple woman with a religious temperament.  The impression of Mata's character on Mohandas's personality was clearly visible.
After completing his primary education in Porbandar, after passing the matriculation examination from Rajkot, you went to England for advocacy.  Started advocating on return by advocating.  You had to go to South Africa during a trial.  Seeing the plight of Indians there, they were very sad.
The national spirit awakened in them and they got engaged in the service of Indians.  Gandhi started the Satyagraha movements against the devious policy and inhuman behavior of the British.  He led the Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.

 Principle- Gandhiji made Satyagraha his main weapon to show opposition to the British.  Gandhi started the Satyagraha movements against the devious policy and inhuman behavior of the British in front of the non-violent weapons.  He led the Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.  He had to bow down in front of Gandhiji's high command and truth and he left our country.  Thus our country became independent on 15 August 1947.

 Other work- Gandhiji saved the untouchables.  Named him 'Harijan'.  Strived to eliminate differences in language, caste and religion.  Emphasized the use of indigenous goods.  Taught to spin yarn, observe all religions with respect and adopt truth, non-violence in life.  Gandhiji gave the message of peace to the world.

Who gave the title of Father of Nation (Father of the Nation) to Bapu?

 There is no clear information about who first addressed Mahatma Gandhi as Father of Nation, but due to a lawsuit filed in the High Court of Gujarat in 1999, Justice Bevis Pardiwala, in all the test books, Rabindranath Tagore, for the first time  Called Father of Nation, it issued an order to provide this information.

                               Movements done by Mahatma Gandhi
 Following are the major movements fought by Bapu for the independence of the country-

 Non-Cooperation Movement

 With the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Gandhiji came to know that it is futile to expect justice from the British Government.  Hence, he started the non-cooperation movement between September 1920 to February 1922 under the leadership of the Indian National Congress.  This movement was highly successful with the support of millions of Indians.  And this caused a huge blow to the British government.

 Salt Satyagraha

 From 12 March 1930, a 24-day foot march was taken from Sabarmati Ashram (a place in Ahmedabad) to Dandi village.  This movement was waged against the British government's monopoly on salt.  This was the most important movement among Gandhi's movements.

 Dalit movement

 Gandhiji founded the All India Untouchability League in 1932 and started the anti-untouchability movement on 8 May 1933.

 Quit India Movement

 The Quit India Movement was launched on 8 August 1942 during the Second World War by the Mumbai Session of the All India Congress by Mahatma Gandhi to immediately liberate India from the British Empire.

 Champaran Satyagraha

 British zamindars were forcibly cultivating indigo from poor farmers at very low prices.  This led to starvation among the farmers.  This movement was started in 1917 from Champaran district of Bihar.  And this was his first political victory in India.

 Epilogue- Gandhiji ruled the hearts of the people of India with a feeling of love and brotherhood.  They wanted to establish Ramrajya in the country.  After India's independence, the country was divided into two parts - India and Pakistan.  He was very sad about this.

 It was our misfortune that we could not get the guidance of this leader for a long time after attaining independence and Gandhiji's life was ended on 30 January 1948 with the bullet of a person named Nathuram Godse.

 A visionary, epoch-eater went from our midst.  Today Gandhiji is not with us, but we will always remember his ideal principles.  His name will remain immortal.

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